Despite great strides in enforcement of the cartel prohibition of article 81 EC and major merger control reform, EC competition law still lacks clear standards for anti-competitive abuses under article 82 EC. In a masterful engagement with this issue, The thoughtful and original analysis in this book focuses on tying and bundling. Although these ubiquitous business practices are primarily addressed under article 82 EC as constituting abusive behavior, a wealth of economics literature emphasizes their strategic and efficiency motivations. However, there is a balance to be found, As this book ably demonstrates. In the course of the analysis, The author zeroes in on such central questions as the following: bull; What tests are available to determine whether two products are distinct or not? bull; Under which circumstances is anti-competitive leveraging feasible? bull; Which efficiency motivations should be accepted? bull; How does one valuate the possible efficiencies in the short run And The risk of leveraging effects in the long run? bull; What factors should be considered when answering the separate product issue? bull; What are the implications For The burden of proof under article 82 EC? bull; Does the application of a more effects-based approach under article 82 also affect the dominance analysis? In his examination of the various responses to these probing questions, the author is able to formulate a very useful diagnosis of what factors determine whether a tied or bundled entity is likely to engender anti-competitive effects. The presentation is supported throughout by detailed reference to relevant legal-economic doctrine, laws, and judicial interpretation by European and U.S. courts, The European Commission, and antitrust agencies. In its development of effects-based tests for assessing tying and bundling practices, this important book will be of special value to policymakers and regulatory officials involved in enforcement of EC or Member State competition law. it will also be welcomed by academics in both law and economics as a truly cogent and workable approach To The solution of one of the most vital and intriguing debates in the antitrust field.
The main question of the eBook is 'how to not screw up when managing a remote team?' To answer this question, the first chapter zooms into why you would setup an offshore team. Without asking that question, your sole motive might be pure cost savings or to speed up your project on the short term. If those are the only motives, chances are big that you come out disappointed. Managing remote teams, with big geographical, cultural and language gaps, is not easy and needs careful thinking and preparation. Hugo Messer, a global staffing expert from the Netherlands, writes about the why from the 'vendor' perspective. Hugo has gained substantial experience in setting up and managing remote teams, with suppliers, freelancers and own offices. Then Zhenya Rozinskiy, an experienced outsourcer from the US, writes from the 'buyer' perspective about the reasons, risks and rewards. Zhenya has been involved in setting up remote development teams for over 15 years for companies of various sizes and in many different countries. Furthermore, to prepare you for the journey, three authors share their insights into the pitfalls of offshoring and how to prevent them. They describe real practical lessons learned, supported by cases from their daily work. Each of them looks at success from a different angle, one as the liaison between the Netherlands and India, one as consultant, and one as nearshore provider. Erik Joustra works for Tech Mahindra, a large Indian outsourcing company. He runs their Dutch office and acts as a delivery manager to accommodate Dutch multinationals working with their Indian teams. Katie Gove, is the CEO of Trellis, a consulting company from Denmark focused on outsourcing. She has seen many projects go wrong and will share some of these stories as well as how to prevent them. Nataly lives in Ukraine and works for Intercomputer, an outsourcing provider from Ukraine. She has gained experience in different outsourcing companies in the past ten years and looks at the pitfalls and success factors from the supplier's point of view. This is the first eBook in a series of eBooks that will be published within a couple of months interval and later on in one printed book. The eBooks are being written through a crowdwriting project and the authors are experts from all over the world.
Start Foraging Wild Edible Plants TodayThis book contains proven steps and strategies on how to forage wild edible plants and how to identify plants. It will be helpful to recognize the plants for beginners and for all. This book also includes the proper time period description to plants. How you can check the environment to grow plants is also described in this book. The proper method of preparation is also nicely written here. Some general principles of foraging also containing in this book so that planting edible plants can be appropriate. What you should do after assembling wild edible plants is written easily for beginners. It will be helpful for your guidance. Conservation and the safety measure is of foraging wild edible plants are included in this book. For a beginner it's highly beneficial. Tips for beginner foragers are very simply written so that the total guidance can be fulfilled properly. Last but not the least benefits of foraging wild edible plants you'll get in this book. This book is written specially for beginners, for their guidance. It's an overall package foraging wild edible plants.
Here Is A Preview Of What You'll Learn...
Presents a syntactic and semantic analysis of a corpus of written and spoken texts in contemporary Scots. The book provides a comparison with contemporary standard English, earlier stages of the English language and neighbouring languages to place Scots in the wider context of European languages.
The main focus of this eBook is "How to get prepared for managing a remote team." Typical questions that come up while preparing are: Which country shall we outsource our work to?; What project shall we choose to start with?; Which company suits our needs best?; Shall we set up our own captive center or outsource to a partner?; Are we organized well enough to start offshoring work? Most people tend to focus a lot on these 'initiation' questions at the expense of wondering 'how to organize'. Preparation is seen as selecting the right country and partner and then 'just get going'. Many problems can be prevented by investing time in the right organization before the 'real work' starts. In this eBook, we try to provide advice on both perspectives, based on experiences from several experts around the globe. The first chapter is written by Hugo Messer, he describes how to get started. The main questions he answered in this chapter are related to 'initiation' and the questions above. Hugo has gained substantial experience in setting up and managing remote teams, with suppliers, freelancers and own offices. Then, Patrick van Dun, an experienced 'offshore founder', provides guidelines on the choice of setting up your own remote office versus engaging a partner. Zhenya Rozinskiy discusses his best practices for getting the right people on your team. Zhenya has set up several teams around the world. Amanda Crouch from the UK has over 20 years of experience as a management consultant and researcher. She looks at stimulating collaboration at the company and individual level. Ove Holmberg, an IT project manager and agile coach from Sweden, describes his concept of the virtual teamroom. Andreas Brilling from Germany works as engagement manager for CapGemini and has led a large offshoring initiative from Australia. In the final chapter Hugo shares his personal story of how he got started with setting up his own offices in India and Ukraine. This is the second eBook in a series of eBooks that will be published within a couple of month's interval and later on into one printed book. These eBooks are being written through a crowdwriting project and the authors are experts from all over the world.
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